How Do You Ensure Safe Medication Administration?

How many times should you check medications before administration?

But, it’s not only critical to ensure this information is correct, you should check three times: The first check is when the medications are pulled or retrieved from the automated dispensing machine, the medication drawer, or whatever system is in place at a given institution..

What are the 5 rules for the administration of medication?

One of the recommendations to reduce medication errors and harm is to use the “five rights”: the right patient, the right drug, the right dose, the right route, and the right time.

What should you do if you give someone the wrong medication?

If the patient tells you it is the wrong medication or treatment, stop and check the order. Check physician orders for changes, and if you are unsure of a dosage, ask another nurse or the pharmacist to double-check your calculations. Double check to makes sure equipment alarms are set appropriately.

How can you ensure safe medication administration for pediatric patients?

Administering drugs to pediatric patients is safe when their unique physiological and anatomical differences are considered. Use weight-based dosing to administer smaller, more frequent doses. Also remember that pediatric patients do indeed feel pain, and they deserve the same aggressive pain management as adults.

What are the 3 checks of medication administration?

WHAT ARE THE THREE CHECKS? Checking the: – Name of the person; – Strength and dosage; and – Frequency against the: Medical order; • MAR; AND • Medication container.

How is the route of administration of medication determined?

A route of administration in pharmacology and toxicology is the path by which a drug, fluid, poison, or other substance is taken into the body. Routes of administration are generally classified by the location at which the substance is applied. Common examples include oral and intravenous administration.

How do you document medication administration?

Regardless of the type of medication, you can follow these common steps to document administration:Select the relevant dose/medication; click OK.Enter the date/time the medication was administered; click OK.More items…

What are the three label checks of medication administration?

WHAT ARE THE THREE CHECKS? Checking the: – Name of the person; – Strength and dosage; and – Frequency against the: Medical order; • MAR; AND • Medication container.

What are the 10 rights of the patient?

Patients RightsRight to Appropriate Medical Care and Humane Treatment. … Right to Informed Consent. … Right to Privacy and Confidentiality. … Right to Information. … The Right to Choose Health Care Provider and Facility. … Right to Self-Determination. … Right to Religious Belief. … Right to Medical Records.More items…

What is the purpose of a medication administration record?

A Medication Administration Record or MAR (eMAR for electronic versions) is the report that serves as a legal record of the drugs administered to a patient at a facility by a health care professional. The MAR is a part of a patient’s permanent record on their medical chart.

What is a medication check?

A medication check-up is a service provided by pharmacists. This service is sometimes called medication therapy management or MTM. A medication check-up is more than. answering questions when you pick up. a prescription.

What are the 10 routes of drug administration?

Each route has specific purposes, advantages, and disadvantages.Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. … Injection routes. … Sublingual and buccal routes. … Rectal route. … Vaginal route. … Ocular route. … Otic route. … Nasal route.More items…

What is the most common type of medication error?

The most common types of reported errors were wrong dosage and infusion rate. The most common causes were using abbreviations instead of full names of drugs and similar names of drugs. Therefore, the most important cause of medication errors was lack of pharmacological knowledge.

What is the most common error in pediatric drug calculations?

Dosing errors are the most common medication error. It is crucial for healthcare providers to ensure that the appropriate drug and dose are prescribed to children, especially neonates, because of their differences in response to drugs compared with adults.

What are medication errors?

A medication error is defined as “any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication use or patient harm while the medication is in the control of the healthcare professional, patient, or consumer,” according to the National Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention.

How do you check medication before administering?

Check the spelling of the medication carefully. If there is any doubt about whether the medication name is correct, stop and call the nurse or the pharmacist before you give the medication. Read the medication order carefully. Make sure that the medication name on the order matches the medication name on the label.

What are the 12 rights of medication administration?

12). The “rights” of medication administration include right patient, right drug, right time, right route, and right dose. These rights are critical for nurses.